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替换源文件:/etc/apt/sources.list

# deb cdrom:[Ubuntu 16.04 LTS _Xenial Xerus_ - Release amd64 (20160420.1)]/ xenial main restricted
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial main restricted
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates main restricted
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial universe
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates universe
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-updates multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-backports main restricted universe multiverse
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security main restricted
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security universe
deb https://mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn/ubuntu/ xenial-security multiverse</pre>

网卡信息中增加dns-nameserver 114.114.114.114 ,后执行sudo apt-get update